Baccarat is thought to have originated in Italy
around five hundred years ago (Baccarat comes from the Italian
word for zero). When introduced to France it became a game
played by aristocrats. In the middle ages Baccarat was played
using a Tarot card deck and was a game played by the rich.
The game evolved into European Baccarat and the French game
Chemin De Fer (which means "railroad" in French).
Even if we do not care whether it was invented
in Italy or France, the game of Baccarat is a very old game.
Traveling through countries and continents for centuries it
was acquiring different rules variations.
Today we can find the game in every part of
the globe, but in the beginning, the French variation of baccarat
"Chemin de fer" becomes popular in England, where
they changed the rules and name of the game for "European
baccarat". Then, it spread to South America.
Finally, Tommy Renzoni brought this fancy game
to the United States in the late 1950s as a combination of
European baccarat and "Chemin de fer". It was introduced
into Las Vegas as the infamous Dunes casino in the late 1950s
after the Cuban government closed the Havana casinos.
Although a few rules have been changed in every
country, the style has remained the same. It has kept its
elegance and is still one of the most appealing games to the
high rollers and individuals with high social standings in
Baccarat has a history overseas also,
which is evidenced by its popularity among the Asian population
who visit Las Vegas each year. The highest of the high rollers
often come from overseas to try their hand under the chandeliers
of the stylish Vegas baccarat rooms.
In casinos based in the
Portuguese territory of Macao, near Hong Kong, the popularity
of baccarat is unrivaled. Unlike the heavily ordered and systematic
American casinos, these Portuguese tables often allow multiple
players to bet on a single spot at the same time, while the
expert dealers mentally keep track of each players commission
on winning bank bets.